Increased sensitivity to the anticonvulsant effect of valproate in aging BN/BiRij rats
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Pharm Res, Volume 10, Number 7, p.1046-51 (1993)
Keywords:Aging/*physiology; Animals; Anticonvulsants/*pharmacology; Chromatography; Gas; Electroshock; Infusions; Intravenous; Male; Rats; Rats; Inbred BN; Valproic Acid/administration; &; dosage/pharmacokinetics/*pharmacology
The aim of the present investigations was to study the influence of increasing age on the pharmacodynamics of valproate in BN/BiRij rats, applying a threshold for electrically induced localized seizure activity as a measure of the anticonvulsant effect. Seven groups of healthy male BN/BiRij rats were used, aged 3, 6, 12, 19, 25, 31, and 37 months. Individual plasma concentration versus anticonvulsant effect relationships were determined during a continuous intravenous infusion of sodium valproate at a rate of 5.5 mg/min/kg. The infusion was terminated when the anticonvulsant effect intensity had reached the maximum attainable level or at a total infusion time of three hours. A nonlinear relationship between valproate concentration and anticonvulsant effect intensity was observed with no maximal effect in the concentration range up to 1200 mg.L-1. With increasing age a parallel shift in the concentration versus anticonvulsant effect relationships toward lower concentrations occurred. Thus increasing age appears to be associated with an increased sensitivity to the anticonvulsant effect of valproate.