Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic correlation of lamotrigine, flunarizine, loreclezole, CGP40116 and CGP39551 in the cortical stimulation model
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Epilepsy Res, Volume 40, Number 1, p.41-52 (2000)
DOI Name (links to online publication)
Keywords:Animals; Anticonvulsants/*pharmacokinetics/*pharmacology; Dose-Response Relationship; Drug; Drug Evaluation; Electric Stimulation/methods; Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists/pharmacokinetics/pharmacology; Female; Injections; Intravenous; Motor Cortex/*phys
The purpose of this study was to assess the concentration-anti-convulsant effect relationships of a number of anti-convulsant drugs in the direct cortical stimulation model, to obtain more insight in the properties and predictive value of this model. The time course of the effect of lamotrigine, loreclezole, flunarizine, CGP40116 and CGP39551 was determined after iv. administration in conjunction with their pharmacokinetics. Convulsive activity was induced by stimulation of the motor cortex with a ramp-shaped pulse train. This technique allows consecutive measurements of the treshold for localized (TLS) and for generalized (TGS) seizure activity. Increase in threshold was used as measure of the anti-convulsant effect. After administration of lamotrigine, pronounced elevation of the TGS, with little change in the TLS, was observed. Flunarizine caused a similar effect, but much less intense. Loreclezole strongly elevated the TGS and to a lesser extent the TLS, also. The concentration-anti-convulsant effect relationship of the three compounds could be fitted by an exponential model. The NMDA antagonists, CGP40116 and CGP39551, induced minor changes in the TLS and a slight increase in the TGS. The onset of this effect was marked by a delay relative to blood concentrations. The biophase equilibration kinetics was estimated and a linear model was applied to describe the concentration-effect relationship of both NMDA antagonists. The present results show that the cortical stimulation model is a suitable technique for integrated pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic modelling and for assessing anti-convulsant efficacy. The results show that the model is rather insensitive to calcium channel blockers and NMDA antagonists.