Effects of the adenosine A1 receptor allosteric modulators PD 81,723 and LUF 5484 on the striatal acetylcholine release
Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Eur J Pharmacol, Volume 454, Number 2-3, p.177-82 (2002)
DOI Name (links to online publication)
Keywords:Acetylcholine/metabolism/*secretion; Allosteric Regulation/drug effects/physiology; Animals; Corpus Striatum/*drug effects/metabolism/secretion; Dose-Response Relationship; Drug; Male; Rats; Rats; Wistar; Receptors; Purinergic P1/agonists/*antagonists; &
The objective of the present study was to characterize the adenosine A(1) receptor allosteric enhancing and antagonistic actions of (2-amino-4,5,6,7-tetrahydrobenzo[b]thiophen-3-yl)(3,4-dichlorophenyl)metha none (LUF 5484) and (2-amino-4,5-dimethyl-3-thienyl)-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]methanone (PD 81,723) on striatal acetylcholine release. Upon local administration in conscious rats, LUF 5484 or PD 81,723 caused a concentration-dependent increase of extracellular acetylcholine levels of approximately 40%, which was similar to that obtained by the selective adenosine A(1) receptor antagonists 8-cyclopentyl-1,3-dimethylxanthine (8CPT) and N(6)-cyclopentyl-9-methyladenine (N0840). In interaction experiments, LUF 5484 or PD 81,723 did not change the inhibition of acetylcholine release by the adenosine A(1) receptor agonist N(6)-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA), whereas 8CPT caused an eightfold rightward shift. Acetylcholine concentrations were diminished with 62+/-3%, 48+/-11% and 56+/-9% by CPA, CPA+LUF 5484 and CPA+PD 81,723, respectively. In conclusion, the antagonistic action of LUF 5484 and PD 81,723 seems to counteract the putative allosteric actions with respect to the reduction of striatal acetylcholine release.